Brief - Rapid Assessment on GBV during Covid-19 in Iraq

02 كانون الأول 2020 to 28 حزيران 2021

The spread of Covid-19 virus and the precautions taken to limit its effects have generated impacts and consequences that exceed the health aspect to include the social, economic, and psychological fields. It also increased variety, inequality, and discrimination against marginalized groups, and created conditions and factors that exposed women and children to more violence.
Its impact on populations living in emergency humanitarian contexts has been much greater, in particular the displaced and refugees women who have left their homes due to conflicts in Iraq and Syria, and women in host communities who already suffer from lack of services and harsh living conditions, as well as the marginalization and inequality they face before the pandemic as a result of their situation.
The current assessment provides an analysis of the reality of gender-based violence among refugee and internally displaced women and women in the host community in Iraq. It sheds light on the social, economic, and psychological impacts the pandemic has left on this segment of the population, which are risk factors that may increase their likelihood of exposure to violence. It also identifies the most important gaps in the response provided. The assessment took place in the frame of the gender regional program “Strengthening access to protection, participation and services for women refugees, IDPs and host communities” funded by the European Union (EU) Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis, the EU MADAD Fund.
The assessment relied on a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. The evaluation team conducted 26 interviews that included governmental and non-governmental actors and women victims of violence. In addition, five discussion sessions were held for focus groups, using the social survey method. The sample included 501 IDPs, refugees and women from the host community, who were chosen in the convenience sampling method.
The evaluation was carried out in four governorates (Erbil, Baghdad, Diyala and Dohuk) during the period September - November of 2020. The evaluation used a working team from the Women Empowerment Organization consisting of 9 field female researchers as well as a statistical analyst and a coordinator from the Women Empowerment Organization, and Lead researcher (Dr. Asma Jamil Rasheed).